Viral News Boy :- The testicular cancer occurs in the testicles, which are located inside the scrotum, a loose skin sac that lies beneath the penis. The testicles produce male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction.
This type of cancer is highly treatable, even when it has spread beyond the testicle. Thus, depending on the type and time of detection of testicular cancer, there are several treatments that can also be combined with each other.
According to data from the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM), testicular cancer is the most common tumor in men between 15 and 35 years old. Despite this, the same entity explains that, after this peak of incidence, it becomes “a rarity”, so that, in general, this type of cancer only represents 1% of the total tumors diagnosed in males.
The SEOM explains that, in Spain and in 2019, approximately 1,300 new cases were diagnosed, although “their frequency varies in different countries”. In addition, since the 90s, the number of diagnosed cases of testicular cancer has been increasing for unknown reasons, although mortality has decreased, “reflecting the improvements in the treatment of these patients”.
Fortunately, the SEOM celebrates that “the vast majority of patients are cured”, so that, even in cases where the disease is very advanced, there can be a treatment to be cured. The most
common symptoms of testicular cancer
The most common signs and symptoms of testicular cancer are as follows, according to the Mayo Clinic:
-Lump or enlargement of any of the testicles
-Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
-Dull pain in the abdomen or groin
-Sudden accumulation of fluid in the scrotum
-Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum
-Enlargement or tenderness in the breasts
Experts report that testicular cancer usually affects only one testicle.
In addition, the same professionals warn that, in case of noticing symptoms of pain, swelling or lumpsin the testicles or in the groin area for more than two weeks, it is important to consult with a doctor, since they could be one of the first alerts of suffering from testicular cancer.
Causes of testicular cancer
The Mayo Clinic reports that, in most cases, it’s not clear what causes testicular cancer.
However, doctors explain that testicular cancer occurs when healthy cells in the testicle are altered. Thus, healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly manner to maintain the normal functioning of the body.
But sometimes there are some cells that have abnormalities, so this growth gets out of control. In this way, these cancer cells continue to reproduce, even when no new cells are needed, and even accumulate, forming a mass in the testicle.
Risk factors for testicular cancer
There are some factors that can increase the risk of testicular cancer, such as undescended testicles or cryptorchidism.
Other factors may include the following:
-Testicular development abnormal: various conditions that cause the testicles to develop abnormally, such as Klinefelter syndrome, can increase the risk of testicular cancer.
-Family history: if any man in the family has suffered from testicular cancer, the rest of the men are at higher risk.
-Age: Testicular cancer is more common in adolescents and young men, especially between 15 and 35 years of age, although it can occur at any age.
-Race– Testicular cancer is more common in white men than in African-American men.
Prevention of testicular cancer
Mayo Clinic experts say there is no way to prevent testicular cancer.
However, some doctors recommend regular self-exams of the testicles to identify testicular cancer at its earliest stage, although there are people for whom a testicular self-exam is not indicated, so you need to talk to a doctor.